Fred Iklé

Fred Iklé is a distinguished scholar at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C.

Semantic Infiltration


Sen. Moynihan liked the term “semantic infiltration,” which I introduced in an article in 1972. Semantic infiltration means one undermines one’s own position in negotiations by adopting unknowingly the terms which the adversary “infiltrates.” Moynihan often used the term but he always gave me credit. A splendid gentleman he was. Moynihan was not only a […]

Continue Reading

Up From Diplomacy


Advice to War Presidents: A Remedial Course in Statecraft By Angelo Codevilla (Basic Books, 336 pages, $27.50)   Machiavelli could not have written a better book to give advice to “war presidents.” But this should not puzzle the reader. Angelo Codevilla is a connoisseur of Machiavelli; indeed he translated and edited The Prince (Yale University […]

Continue Reading

Send this to a friend